GraceM's Response

1. Levesque argues that students are not able to make sense of the past because they are not given the opportunity to think historically. They are given famous ideas, people, quotes, buildings, events and told to regurgitate that knowledge back without really thinking more critically about it.

2. Levesque states that the students should approach a subject first from the present so that they can better connect the dots when they look at something from the past. Levesque differs from Wineburg by stating that teachers should act as coaches to help the students learn rather than the teacher acting like the authority on the subject telling them what they know or what the ultimately conclude.

3. Students can constantly practice thinking and writing historically and get feedback on their work. Having the traditional historical questions asked of the students at an earlier age gets them exposed to the type of work and evidence they might encounter in upper-level history classes. They can start to better make connections between the past and present and could help them learn not only history but other academic subjects and in life.